Its principles challenge the dominant narrative of input and energy-intensive industrial agriculture systems that make farmers dependent on expensive commercial inputs and damage soil, water and biodiversity, inducing grave socio-economic adversity.
Organic agriculture visualizes the farm as a dynamic ecosystem where biotic and abiotic components interact and harness local resources, such as farm residue, biodiversity and natural processes, to deliver optimal agricultural production and stability. Read more New Nano Centre March 27, January 11, The Times of India TERI has collaborated with an Australian university to set up a nanobiotechnology centre for core research as well as for development of technologies, products and processes. Land scarcity, degraded ecosystems and climate change are pressures that the agriculture sector confronts in the 21st century whilst needing to meet demands for food, feed and fibre, preserve natural resources as well as ensure profitability, economic and social equity FAO, Industrialized agriculture,1 which is capital intensive, substituting animal and human labour with machines and purchased inputs IAASTD, has been the favoured model for agriculture development due to its tremendous success in increasing food production.
The recent decision by the Ministry of Environment and Forests to place an indefinite moratorium on the release of Bt Brinjal for commercial agriculture has brought sharp focus on the stridently polarized views across the scientific community and civil society on the benefits and costs of genetically modified crops. We provide expertise in greening and reclamation of wasteland to turn it into green, productive land.
We do this using a beneficial group of micro-organisms known as mycorrhizal fungi. Successful examples of sites reclaimed using this technology include fly ash overburdens, alkali chlor-laden sites, distillery effluent discharge sites, phosphogypsum ponds, coal mines, red mud, saline and arid sites. Mycorrhiza is a biofertiliser that helps promote plant growth in an environment-friendly manner and provides several benefits during the plant cultivation stages. Our in-vitro mass production technology uses a sterile, contamination-free environment, to commerciallly produce this high-quality mycorrhiza, which is viable, healthy, and genetically pure.
Agriculture The global population is expected to reach 10 billion by , raising concerns about feeding these increasing numbers without further degrading the environment. Blog A biomass-solar combination for cold storage of farm produce Read More. Article Critical policy interventions to fast forward micro irrigation in India Read more.
Article Improving soil microorganisms for sturdier tea cultivation, come drought or flood Read more. Article Saving Punjab's groundwater, one agricultural pump at a time Read more.
Saving Punjab's groundwater, one agricultural pump at a time Ms Bigsna Gill A scheme in Punjab delivers direct monetary benefit to farmers for using agricultural pumps more efficiently. A biomass-solar combination for cold storage of farm produce Ms Shruti Rawat , Mr Sunil Dhingra A novel way of utlising biomass and solar power to create cold storage facility in rural areas.
Making medicinal plant wealth work for Northeast India Dr Ashish Kar Northeast India has a wealth of medicinal plants that make their way to Indian and foreign markets.
Improving soil microorganisms for sturdier tea cultivation, come drought or flood Dr Sushmita Gupta TERI is working in Assam to reengineer plant root-associated microbes to make tea cultivation more resistant to biotic and abiotic challenges. Producing hydrogen from agriculture waste - the microbial way Dr Sanjukta Subudhi Intensive research explorations are being carried out at TERI for hydrogen production from agri-residue woody biomass.
Water-food-energy nexus in India Ms Prakriti Prajapati In these times of agriculture crisis and falling water tables, it is important to rework policies to better address key challenges in the irrigation-power space. International conference on Nanobiotechnology for agriculture: Translational research for future food and agriculture technologies November 13, to November 14, The third international conference of Nanobiotechnology for Agriculture is being held on the theme Translational Research for Future Food and Agriculture Technologies.
The objectives of the event are -. TERI to study impact of climate change on farm sector September 1, September 1, The Hindu Business line TERI is undertaking a study on the impact of climate change and sustainability on the agriculture sector in India and come out with probable solutions to address these. Read more. TERI to set up incubation centre in Odisha for biotech solutions March 13, March 13, Business Standard Facility will support development of solutions to address issues affecting agriculture, environment and energy.
Preserve natural resources, promote farming March 1, Dr Shilpanjali Deshpande Sarma The Tribune Tackling the agrarian crisis from its roots necessitates attention to the important aspect of the neglect and degradation of natural resources, the natural capital that underlies all agriculture production systems. This review of recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and biotechnology covers a research area with enormous untapped potential. Chemical fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides and other agricultural inputs derived from fossil fuels have increased agricultural production, yet growing awareness and concern over their adverse effects on soil productivity and environmental quality cannot be ignored.
The high cost of these products, the difficulties of meeting demand for them, and their harmful environmental legacy have encouraged scientists to develop alternative strategies to raise productivity, with microbes playing a central role in these efforts.
Some rhizospheric microbes are known to synthesize plant growth-promoters, siderophores and antibiotics, as well as aiding phosphorous uptake. The last 40 years have seen rapid strides made in our appreciation of the diversity of environmental microbes and their possible benefits to sustainable agriculture and production.
The advent of powerful new methodologies in microbial genetics, molecular biology and biotechnology has only quickened the pace of developments. Culture-dependent microbes already contribute much to human life, yet the latent potential of vast numbers of uncultured—and thus untouched—microbes, is enormous. Culture-independent metagenomic approaches employed in a variety of natural habitats have alerted us to the sheer diversity of these microbes, and resulted in the characterization of novel genes and gene products.
Several new antibiotics and biocatalysts have been discovered among environmental genomes and some products have already been commercialized. Meanwhile, dozens of industrial products currently formulated in large quantities from petrochemicals, such as ethanol, butanol, organic acids, and amino acids, are equally obtainable through microbial fermentation. Edited by a trio of recognized authorities on the subject, this survey of a fast-moving field—with so many benefits within reach—will be required reading for all those investigating ways to harness the power of microorganisms in making both agriculture and biotechnology more sustainable.
This review of recent developments in our understanding of the role of microbes in sustainable agriculture and biotechnology covers a research area with. Download Citation on ResearchGate | Microorganisms in Sustainable Agriculture and Biotechnology | This review of recent developments in our understanding.